Opinion: Pay to publish is an affront to the scientific method

When I was in journalism school, they taught us never to accept as much as a cup of coffee from a source and to never offer anything other than exposure for an interview.

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Which tree species thrives best on the edge: a comparison of three communities in Steckle Woods, Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario

This study examined which species can best survive along the edge of a woodlot in Kitchener-Waterloo, ON. Data was collected in 2017, by measuring the distance of trees and saplings from three different sample points in four separate communities of the woodland. Tree Community 1 is along the edge of the forest, Tree Community 2 and 3 respectively are found more towards the centre of the forest, and Tree Community 4 is a pine plantation.

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New York City Zoning Regarding the Impacts on Urban Form, Economic, Social and Environmental Conditions

Introduction Zoning is responsible for determining how a city looks and functions since it regulates land-use within a city (Norman,…

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Ancient Cities Before the Advent of Resilience Planning

In the ancient world, many civilizations thrived for hundreds of years and had cities with large populations (Smith, 2007). These cities existed before the development of contemporary formal urban planning practices (which started around the industrial era, when they emerged for the betterment of urban cities by improving the quality of life of the working class) (Filion et al., 2015).

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